The Reformation, the Enlightenment, and the French Revolution led to the end of the ancient Western monarchical and feudal system. The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen (1789) is a document of fundamental importance from that period. It sets forth universal, fundamental, inalienable, human rights. Strange, though, such a document served as impulse to the Reign of Terror. Image links to the Yale Law School translation.
The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen