First Vatican Council

Decrees of the First Vatican Council (A.D. 1869-70), summoned by Pope Pius IX. The Council condemned as erroneous philosophical naturalism, pantheism, materialism, and atheism. It also confirmed each successor to the chair of Peter to be, as Vicar of Christ, sovereign head of the Church militant. Image above links to Tanner translation. ISBN recommendation: 0-87840-490-2

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